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Cyprus 2014

Cyprus - May 2014

Today 88 valid species and subspecies of Jewel Beetles are known from Cyprus. Over 40% of them are endemic to this island. - One good reason to make an expedition. During an one week collecting trip to the greek side of Cyprus many species of Buprestidae were documented which are shown in the following.

Bushland Larnaca

We started our trip in Larnaca. Not far away from the airport the coastal regions of Cyprus are very dry and covered with bushland.

Carduoideae

These unspecified thistles (Carduoideae) with a maximum hight of 2 meters are mostly hostplants for some kinds of Jewel Beetles, especially of the genus Meliboeus...

Meliboeus oliveri

... as for Meliboeus oliveri Niehuis, 2014.


Arrived into hilly regions we found this nice place to collect.

Anthaxia diadema

On the flowers of yellow Compositae Anthaxia diadema (Fischer von Waldheim, 1824) was present.

Prunus dulcis

In the late afternoon of our first day on Cyprus we arrived to the sorroundings of the Stavrovouni monastery. Prunus dulcis L., one of the most common fruittrees on Cyprus is hostplant for many species of Jewel Beetles.

Agrilus margotanae

For example Agrilus margotanae Novak, 2001 on the leaves of their hostplant, which is closely related to Agrilus roscidus Kiesenwetter, 1857.

Galbella felix

Galbella felix (Marseul, 1866). This 3-5 mm small polyphageous species could be especially found in the macchia.

Stellagama stellio cypriaca

Spiny Lizard - Stellagama stellio ssp. cypriaca (Daan, 1967). 

Ptilostemon chamaepeuce v. cyprius

Before sunset we found this interesting thistle: Ptilostemon chamaepeuce v. cyprius Greuter.

Meliboeus makrisi

It is the hostplant of Meliboeus makrisi Mühle & Brandl, 2009. So far known this species is endemic to Cyprus.


Glaucopsyche paphos

Glaucopsyche cf. paphos Chapman, 1920 (Lycaenidae) - Flew around Genista sp.

Acmaeoderella villosula

Oxythyrea funesta (Poda, 1761) and Acmaeoderella villosula (Steven, 1830) at the top of this flowering thistle.



The next day we were at an altitude of 650 meters as the day before within the district of Larnaca. We collected in a typical Pine forest with Pinus halepensis Mill., Cistus sp., Pistacia terebinthus L. etc.

Acmaeodera quadrifaria

One species of Buprestidae whose larva living in Pinus sp. is Acmaeodera quadrifaria Baudi di Selve, 1870. This specimen visited a pink flower of Cistus sp.

Acmaeoderella farinosa

Acmaeoderella farinosa (Reiche & Saulcy, 1856) on a white Umbelliferae.

Acmaeoderella flavofasciata placida

Acmaeoderella flavofasciata ssp. placida (Baudi di Selve, 1870).

Anthaxia praeclara

Another common species is Anthaxia praeclara Mannerheim, 1837.



In the late afternoon of the second day we found a dry and hot place with Pinus halepensis Mill.

Anthaxia laticeps navratili

The Jewel Beetle Anthaxia laticeps ssp. navratili Bílý, 1984 swarmed around sunlit twigs of Pinus halepensis Mill.


Chalcophora detrita margotana

Chalcophora detrita ssp. margotana Novak, 2002.



We found this valley with an beautiful orchard on the third day of our journey. On Prunus dulcis L. we collected nice species of Jewel Beetles. Some of them are shown by the following fotos.

Anthaxia gottwaldi

Anthaxia gottwaldi Brandl & Mühle, 2008 on the leaves of Prunus dulcis L.

Sphenoptera oertzeni

Sphenoptera oertzeni Jakovlev, 1887.

Anthaxia nupta confinata

We found Anthaxia nupta ssp. confinata Magnani, 1995 on ground vegetation. Hostplants should be Prunus dulcis L. and Quercus sp.

Cuckoo wasp

Cuckoo wasp (Chrysis sp.) on white Umbelliferae.

Acmaeoderella gibbulosa

And another common Jewel Beetle: Acmaeoderella gibbulosa (Ménétriés, 1832).

Troodos

At day four we arrived to the Troodos Mountain up to an altitude of 1700 meters. The landscape is covered with sparse vegatation and with trees of Pinus nigra Arn. and Juniperus sp.

Anthaxia griseocuprea

Only a few species of Buprestidae could be found. One of them is the endemic Anthaxia griseocuprea Kiesenwetter, 1857. Its hostplants are Pinus halepensis Mill. and Pinus nigra Arn.

Anthaxia aureoviridis

One more endemic species: Anthaxia aureoviridis Svoboda, 1994, female.

Paphos forest

Paphos forest to the west of the Troodos Mountain. Trees like Pinus halepensis Mill., Quercus alnifolia Poech and Acer sp. dominate the landscape.

Acmaeodera ottomana confluens

We found colourful Jewel Beetles like Acmaeodera ottomana ssp. confluens Baudi di Selve, 1870...

Anthaxia brevis

... and Anthaxia brevis Gory & Laporte, 1839.



In fact a lot of the flower visiting Jewel Beetles sitting on the pink flowers of Cistus sp.

Anthaxia cypraea

So we found the endemic Anthaxia cypraea Abeille de Perrin, 1900...

Anthaxia anadyomene

... and the endemic Anthaxia anadyomene Bílý & Kubáň, 2004.

Anthaxia anadyomene vs Anthaxia cypraea

Comparison between males of Anthaxia anadyomene Bílý & Kubáň, 2004 and Anthaxia cypraea Abeille de Perrin, 1900.

Orchard

At penultimate day befor leaving the island we met some friends from Vienna and made a trip together to the 
landscape in south of the Troodos Mountain. Again we found a nice orchard.

Perotis susannae

Perotis susannae (Novak, 1983) swarmed around Prunus dulcis L.


Acmaeodera quadrizonata

Acmaeodera quadrizonata Abeille de Perrin, 1891 on yellow Compositae.

Acmaeodera flavolineata cypricola

Acmaeodera flavolineata ssp. cypricola Volkovitsh, 1983 on a flower of Cistus sp.

Macchia

Macchia!

Acmaeodera saxicola bijuga

Acmaeodera saxicola ssp. bijuga Marseul, 1865, one of the commonest Buprestidae on this trip.

Oedipoda

Band-winged grasshopper nymph - Oedipoda sp. (Oedipodinae).

Acmaeoderella chrysanthemi

Acmaeoderella chrysanthemi (Chevrolat, 1854). Was determinated after preparation.

Libelloides sp.

Libelloides sp. (Ascalaphidae).

Pistacia terebinthus

The last day was cloudy. By investigation of bushes of Pistacia terebinthus L. some interesting species of Jewel Beetles could be found.


Chrysobothris cypria

Chrysobothris cypria Magnani, 1993, endemic cyprian species living polyphageous in dry branches of different kind of wood in the macchia.

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